Menopause and Aging


Every woman goes through a time in her life when her periods stops and the body stops producing the hormones estrogen and progesterone. This stage normally occurs after a woman attains the age of 45. One can generally identify the start of menopause when one has not had menstrual periods for a period of 12 months or more. The changes and symptoms that accompany this can begin to show earlier.

A woman will be able to tell when her menopause starts. There are many medical terms that describe this phase before menopause starts, most commonly referred to as “perimenopause” and “menopause transition”. During this time, the ovaries start decreasing their production capacity of the hormones estrogen and progesterone.

While the natural procedure of menopause begins sometime around the age of 45, there are also cases of induced menopause, which occurs if the ovaries are removed surgically or they are damaged due to the radiation therapy. Women can then face some or all of the symptoms that are experienced during the menopause stage.


What Happens During Menopause?

During the menstrual cycle, every woman is bound to go through hormone fluctuations and experience painful cramps, nausea and mood swings from time to time. However, menopause is a different stage and a woman will be going through varied changes in the body during this time.

At this stage, one will go through stronger and more dramatic symptoms of hormone change. This can be attributed to the lowered production of the hormones such as estrogen and progesterone. This is because these hormones are extremely powerful and they control almost all of the organs in our body.

According to the Mayo Clinic, the transition to menopause can bring about the following symptoms:

  • Irregular periods
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Hot flashes
  • Chills
  • Night sweats
  • Sleep problems
  • Mood changes
  • Weight gain and slowed metabolism
  • Thinning hair and dry skin
  • Loss of breast fullness


There are some obvious signs that point to aging in people. These include wrinkles in the face, a stopped posture with time as well as graying of one’s hair. These could be accompanied with forgetfulness with time. While we might know all of these, we are hardly aware of why these symptoms show in senior citizens.

Our bodies are made up of the tinniest cells, which in turn make up the tissues and organs. From the moment that the cells are created, they undergo a procedure of aging with time. The cells continuously die and make way for the growth of new cells in their place. However, after a certain age, there is no new growth of cells and the old cells will start withering away.

Therefore, after a certain age, we will start to show signs of aging. From the vital signs such as a rise in blood pressure to the texture of our skin, everything begins to change with time. Our cardiovascular system, the nervous and digestive systems all begin to show the vital signs of aging.

Cells, organs and tissues:

  • Cells become less able to divide
  • The telomeres—the ends of the chromosomes inside every cell—gradually get shorter until, finally, they get so short that the cell dies
  • Waste products accumulate
  • Connective tissue between the cells becomes stiffer
  • The maximum functional capacity of many organs decreases