A preoperative evaluation involves assessing a patient’s history and their physical examination to find out any risk factors such as cardiac, pulmonary or infectious complications. For correct evaluation, doctors also need to monitor the functional capacity of a patient. The purpose of such an evaluation is to make sure that patients are cleared for an elective surgery. In many cases, the preoperative evaluation can serve to prepare a high-risk patient for the surgery procedure.
A proper medical evaluation conducted before surgery can serve to make sure a patient is capable of handling the surgical procedure and it reduces the risk of any future complications that could have occurred. This can help to reduce the hospital stay of a patient who chooses to undergo the procedure. In order to evaluate a patient, the physician must understand the risks associated with the particular type of surgery and relate the same to the patient’s underlying acute and chronic medical problems.
The risk for any surgical complications depends on a person’s health conditions as well as the type of surgical procedures that must be performed. There are certain health conditions which are associated with an increased risk of surgical complications such as respiratory and cardiac diseases as well as malnutrition. Perioperative evaluation improves the treatment that a patient must go through for the surgical procedure.